Nashville (pop. 510,784; met. Area pop. 985,026) is the capital and second largest city of Tennessee. Only Memphis has more people. Nashville is often called theAth-ens of the South because of its many educational institutions and its buildings in the Greek classical style. Nashville is also called Music City, U.S.A. because it has • become a recording and broadcasting center for country music. For location, see Tennessee (political map).
Nashville was founded in 1779 by settlers from North Carolina looking for fertile farmland. The settlers built a log stockade on a bluff overlooking the west bank of the Cumberland River. They called the settlement Fort Nash-borough after Brigadier General Francis Nash, a hero in the Revolutionary War in America (1775-1783). The settlement was renamed Nashville in 1784.
State of Tennessee
Nashville is Tennessee's capital and a center for the country music industry. This photo shows the State Capitol, right, and the War Memorial Building, left.
The city. Nashville covers all of Davidson County, an area of 530 square miles (1,373 square kilometers). It is one of the nation's largest cities in area. The Nashville metropolitan area covers 4,135 square miles (10,710 square kilometers) and consists of eight counties.
The Cumberland River flows through downtown Nashville. The State Capitol overlooks Memorial Square. Nashville's tallest structure, the 31-story American General Center Building, is in the downtown area.
Almost all the people of Nashville were born in the United States. The city's largest ethnic groups include those of French, German, or Irish ancestry. Blacks form about a fourth of Nashville's population.
Economy. Nashville has about 650 industrial plants. The production of printed materials is among the city's most important industries. Nashville's other major products include aircraft parts, food products, glass, heating and cooking equipment, recordings of music, tires, and trucks. A General Motors automobile manufacturing plant is located near Nashville. Nashville's economy received a big boost during the 1950's, when the city became a major music recording center. More than 180 recording companies, 23 recording studios, and about 450 song-publishing firms operate in the city.
Freight railroads serve Nashville, and airlines use Nashville International Airport. Barge lines connect the city with ports on the Cumberland River.
Nashville has two daily newspapers, the Banner and the Tennessean. Seven television stations and about 30 radio stations serve the city.
Large numbers of Nashville's people work for the state government. Many others have jobs with agencies of the federal or city government.
Education and cultural life. The metropolitan Nashville public school system consists of about 15 high schools and about 100 elementary schools. The enrollment of these schools totals about 65,000 students. The city has about 40 private and parochial schools.
Vanderbilt University is the largest of Nashville's institutions of higher education. Other colleges and universities in the city include Belmont University, Fisk University, David Lipscomb University, Meharry Medical
College, Scarritt College for Christian Workers, Tennessee State University, and Trevecca Nazarene College.
The Nashville Symphony Orchestra performs in the Tennessee Performing Arts Center. The Tennessee State Museum is in Nashville. An exact replica of the Parthenon of Athens stands in Nashville's Centennial Park. The Tennessee Centennial of 1897 was held in the park. Nashville attractions include the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum. Opryland, an outdoor theme entertainment park, is the site of the Grand Ole Opry House, from which the "Grand Ole Opry" radio program is broadcast. This program, which began in Nashville in 1925, features country and western music. The Hermitage, the home of President Andrew Jackson, lies about 10 miles (16 kilometers) east of Nashville. Jackson and his wife are buried on the grounds of the mansion.
Government. Nashville has a mayor-council form of government. The voters elect the mayor and the 40 council members to four-year terms.
History. The first white people who came to what is now the Nashville area found Shawnee Indians living along the Cumberland River. More settlers arrived after the establishment of Fort Nashborough in 1779. By 1780, the settlement consisted of seven forts with a total population of 300. Tennessee became a state in 1796, and Nashville was chartered as a city in 1806.
The first steamboat arrived in Nashville about 1818, and a brisk trade developed between Nashville and ports along the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. Various cities, including Kingston, Knoxville, and Murfreesboro, served as the capital of Tennessee. Nashville became the permanent capital in 1843. By 1850, the city's population had reached 10,165.
During the Civil War, Union troops held Nashville from 1862 until the fighting ended in 1865. Confederate Genera] John B. Hood tried to recapture the city in 1864 but was defeated by Union General George H. Thomas. In 1900, Nashville had a population of 80,865. The busy river trade, plus income from the fertile farmlands surrounding the city, contributed to Nashville's prosperity. From 1920 to 1930, the city's population increased from 118,342 to 153,866.
In 1962, Nashville and Davidson County adopted a metropolitan form of government. This government combines city and county functions under one administration and provides services for the entire county.
An urban renewal project for downtown Nashville, completed in 1980, included the widening and landscaping of city streets and the construction of office buildings. In the 1980's, the Nashville Convention Center was completed and the construction of such office buildings as the Third National Financial Center, Nashville Place, and the Dominion Bank Tower changed the city's skyline dramatically. Projects planned for the 1990's include the Ryman Center Project, a redevelopment project that will include a hotel, office buildings, and retail stores. Pat Embry
For the monthly weather in Nashville, see Tennessee (Climate). See also Tennessee (pictures).
Naskapi Indians, NAS kuh pee, are a Far North tribe that lives in Schefferville, Que., and in Davis Inlet, a village near Hopedale, on the northeast coast of Labrador, Canada. Nearly 400 Naskapi live in Schefferville and hold a variety of jobs there. Most of the approximately 200
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